Blue Green Green due to limitations

Blue green algae (Cyanobacteria) becomes the dominant bacterial species when the nitrogen cycle slows due to limitations. It is dealing with the excess nutrient load but it does this at the expense of the healthy ecology as the enzymes it produces in large numbers are highly toxic. Blue green algae (Cyanobacteria) also looks after its self by securing its future bloom. Once it has dealt with the excess nutrient load it dies off creating a thick rotting oily sludge on the bottom of the waterway which then becomes the next nutrient overload, thus securing its own rebirth.


How does The Water Cleanser control Cyanobacteria Blooms? 

Nitrogen fixation by Blue Green Algae (Cyanobacteria) is highly energy expensive and this energy is dependent on photosynthetic activity and is thus light-requiring, which is a 12-hour limited energy source. As a consequence of this, the fixation process normally stops when biological nitrate becomes readily available, which is a 24-hour energy source, so diatoms and micro algae easily take over. The lack of biological nitrate being produced from the nitrogen cycle is the root cause of Cyanobacteria blooms, as opposed to the phosphorus content. Phosphorus is simply a contributing factor as itself in high quantities can be a nitrification inhibitor.


TWC Stopping the Cyanobacteria Cycle 

Bacillus bacteria attacks and stops Cyanobacterial blooms four ways; 

  • By assisting in the production of biological nitrate

  • By eliminating the Cyanobacteria’s internal food reserve

  • By stopping dead Cyanobacteria from becoming a sludge, thereby preventing its rebirth

  • By naturally lowering high water surface tension caused by nutrient rich water; this increases oxygen through atmospheric diffusion. 


  1. Bacillus metabolically breaks down large organic matter through to ammonia without the requirements of oxygen. Bacillus respire and can convert from oxygen to nitrate or glutamate. In low oxygen systems, this conversion allows the limited oxygen supply to go to the nitrogen cycle bacteria to complete the waste breakdown process, making biological nitrate 24-hour energy for microalgae and diatoms. This 24-hour energy source for microalgae and diatoms can quickly make them the dominant species over Cyanobacteria, whose energy source is limited by photosynthesis (12-hour energy). 

  2. In order to survive with this limited energy, Cyanobacteria has developed a backup food reserve internally within its cell structure, in the form of high energy oil droplets; these allow for this 12-hour limited energy, enabling Cyanobacteria to stay dominant. Bacillus produces enzymes that remove these oil droplets from the Cyanobacteria’s protective cell wall and convert it to carbon dioxide. This two-stage approach sees Cyanobacteria rapidly dropping out of the waterway with microalgae and diatom’s becoming the dominant species. This resets the natural ecology of the waterway putting the nutrients back through the food chain. 

  3. Cyanobacteria also look after itself by securing its future bloom. Once it has dealt with the excess nutrient load it dies off creating a thick rotting oily sludge on the bottom of the waterway which then becomes the next nutrient overload, thus securing its own rebirth. This is known as the cycle of Cyanobacteria. Bacillus stops dead Cyanobacteria from becoming a sludge, thus stopping the cycle of Cyanobacteria and returning the waterway to its original good health.

  4. Bacillus produce 

  • Protease which breaks down proteins into amino acids.

  • Amylase which breaks down starches

  • Lipases which breaks down fats


This whole process helps lower water surface tension which allows more oxygen through atmospheric diffusion to enter the water way which helps defuse eutrophic water systems.


Lakes and Rivers

stopping the cycle of


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Cyanobacterial Blooms (commonly referred to as Blue Green Algal Blooms) TWC is the only technology that stops and controls Cyanobacterial Blooms.

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